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Citing Software

Referencing Data Analysis Performed with SAS® Software

Your citation for the data analysis you performed with SAS software should contain the name of the SAS software products used, the version number of the software and copyright date as well as a statement to indicate ownership of the trademarks. An example citation would be as follows (brackets "[]" indicate data that should be supplied by you):

The [output/code/data analysis] for this paper was generated using [SAS/STAT] software, Version [9.1] of the SAS System for [Unix]. Copyright © [year of copyright] SAS Institute Inc. SAS and all other SAS Institute Inc. product or service names are registered trademarks or trademarks of SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

If you did not perform the data analysis yourself or are not familiar with the specifics of the SAS software used for the data analysis, you should be able to obtain this information from either your institution's SAS software administrator or the person who actually performed the data analysis.

Please note that this information provides the level of detail generally required by scientific journals in order to assure that the data can be replicated. If you are unable to determine exactly which products or version of SAS software was used in your data analysis, and if your publisher has no objection, then SAS would be agreeable to the use of a shorter citation such as:

The [output/code/data analysis] for this paper was generated using SAS software. Copyright, SAS Institute Inc. SAS and all other SAS Institute Inc. product or service names are registered trademarks or trademarks of SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Referencing SAS® Documentation
The proper citations for SAS publications can be found on the copyright page at the front of each individual work.

The proper citation for SAS Online documentation can be found under "Help-->About SAS OnlineDoc" when you open the online documentation CD or website.

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